List Of Warships Of Indian Navy | Indian Navy Ships
The primary objective of the navy is to safeguard the nation's maritime borders, and in conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace. Through joint exercises, goodwill visits and humanitarian missions, including disaster relief, Indian Navy promotes bilateral relations between nations.
Indian Navy, also known as “Bharatiya Nau Sena” is the fifth largest 3-dimensional force which protects the country from any external or internal threat through waters. Apart from that, the navy also helps the government by providing intelligence on various defence related matters.
In the 21st century, the Indian Navy has played an important role in maintaining peace for India on the maritime front, in spite of the state of foment in its neighbourhood. It has been deployed for humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters and crises across the globe, as well as to keep India's maritime trade routes free and open.
Indian Navy Ships
The Indian Navy possesses 1 aircraft carrier, 1 amphibious transport dock, 8 Landing ship tanks, 11 destroyers, 13 frigates, 1 nuclear-powered attack submarine,1 Ballistic missile submarine, 14 conventionally-powered attack submarines, 22 corvettes, 10 large offshore patrol vessels, 4 fleet tankers and various auxiliary vessels and small patrol boats.
Besides these ships, the Indian Coast Guard operates around 90 - 100 armed patrol ships of various sizes.
Indian Navy warships can mainly be classified into two categories:
- Surface Ships
- Sub-Surface Ships or Submarines
Lets now explore these two classes of ships.
Indian Navy Surface Ships
These surface ships include Aircraft Carriers, Destroyers, Frigates, Warfare Ships, Corvettes and Patrol Boats.
Destroyers Of Indian Navy
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, manoeuvrable, long-distance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers. The navy operates 11 guided-missile destroyers from three classes: Kolkata class, Delhi class, and Rajput class.
The Delhi class destroyers are classified as guided-missile destroyers. The Delhi class vessels are the largest warships to be fully designed and built in India, although they will soon be superseded by the Kolkata class destroyers and the Vikrant class aircraft carrier. These ships have been built at Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai.
The Delhi class is being upgraded with the Rafael Barak 1 point air defence missile system. It has a pair of eight-cell vertical launch systems and missile command-to-line-of-sight (CLOS) radar guidance with a range of 10 km (6.2 mi)
Delhi Class includes 3 ships: INS Delhi, INS Mysore and INS Mumbai
Kolkata class destroyers are follow-on of the legendary Project 15 ‘Delhi’ class destroyers which entered service in the late 1990s. Conceived and designed by Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design.
The ships' main air-defence armament is two 4x8-cell vertical launching systems (VLS) allowing up to 32 Barak 8 (medium- to long-range) missiles. Four AK-630 CIWS are fitted for near defence. The Kolkata-class ships' primary offensive armament is supersonic BrahMos anti-ship and land-attack missiles. The BrahMos missiles are fitted into a 16-cell universal vertical launcher module (UVLM) allowing one missile per launch silo; all 16 missiles can be fired in salvo.
It consists of three ships INS Kolkata, INS Kochi and INS Chennai, built by Mazagon Dock Limited, which are the Navy's largest destroyers.
The Rajput class guided-missile destroyers are also known as Kashin-II class. The ships were built in the former Soviet Union. These ships are the first ships in the Indian Navy to deploy the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile systems.
The role of Rajput class ships involves protection such as anti-aircraft and anti-submarine warfare for carrier task force defence against submarines, low-flying aircraft, and cruise missiles.
Rajput Class consists of five ships: INS Rajput, INS Rana, INS Ranjit, INS Ranvir and INS Ranvijay
Frigates Of Indian Navy
Frigates, which are naval vessels intermediate between corvettes and destroyers, have had a significant role in the naval history of India. Although the Maratha Navy, the naval branch of the armed forces of the Maratha Empire, used Grabs and Gallivats to project naval power, the concept of frigates (formerly called sloops) was introduced by the British.
Indian Navy Operates five classes of frigates: Shivalik, Talwar, Kamorta, Brahmaputra and Godavari Class
These are the multi-role frigates and are the first-of-its-kind warships built in India incorporating stealth features. The ships of this class have been built by Mazagon Dock Limited, Mumbai. The category- classification is named after the Indian Mountain Ranges by the name of 'Shivalik Hills'. Shivalik Class consists of three ships: INS Shivalik, INS Satpura and INS Sahyadri.
The Talwar class of frigates of Indian Navy have been built in Russia under an Indo-Russian joint production. The Talwar class guided missile frigates are modified Krivak III class frigates from Russia. This Class has a displacement of 4,000 tons and speed of 30 knots and is capable of accomplishing a wide variety of naval missions, primarily, finding and eliminating enemy submarines and large surface ships.
Due to the use of stealth technologies and special hull design, the resulting frigate features reduced radar cross section (RCS) as well as electromagnetic, acoustic and infrared signatures. Talwar Class includes six ships namely INS Talwar, INS Trishul, INS Tabar, INS Teg, INS Tarkash and INS Trikand.
INS Kamorta is first of the four ASW Stealth Corvettes designed by the Navy’s in-house organisation, the Directorate of Naval Design (DND), under Project 28, with an indigenous component of about 90%. Measuring 110 meters in length, 14 meters in breadth and displacing 3500 tons, the ship can achieve a speed of 25 Knots.
The ship is fitted with Anti-submarine Rockets and Torpedoes, Medium and Close-in Weapon Systems and indigenous surveillance radar Revathi. The ship is also capable of carrying an integral ASW helicopter.
The Kamorta Class has three ships: INS Kamorta, INS Kadmatt and INS Kiltan.
The Brahmaputra class frigates are the guided-missile frigates of the Indian Navy, designed and built in India. They have a displacement of 3850 tons and a length of 126 metres. Although of similar hull and dimension, internally, the Brahmaputra and Godavari classes have different configurations, armaments and capabilities.
The ship-class has acquired its name owing to the 'River Brahmaputra'. Other ships of the class are also named after Indian Rivers. This class consists of three ships: INS Brahmaputra, INS Beas and INS Betwa.\
The Godavari class frigates are the guided-missile frigates. The Godavari class was the first significant indigenous warship design and development initiative of the Indian Navy. Its design is a modification of the Nilgiri class frigate with a focus on indigenous content, a larger hull and updated armaments.
The class and the lead ship, INS Godavari are named after the Godavari River. Subsequent ship in the class, INS Gomati also takes her name from the Indian River Godavari. INS Gomati was the first Indian Navy vessel to have digital electronics in her combat data system.
Corvettes Of Indian Navy
Kora Class corvettes are 1350-ton guided-missile corvettes. Four vessels were built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) and outfitted at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL). Their primary role is as surface combatants.
It consists of four ships: INS Kora, INS Kirch, INS Kulish and INS Karmuk
The Khukri class corvettes are equipped with Diesel Engines assembled in India, under license by Kirloskar Group. Around 65% of the ship contains indigenous parts. Consisting of four ships, INS Kirpan, INS Kuthar, INS Khanjar and INS Khukri.
The Veer class corvettes meaning 'Brave' form the 22nd Killer Missile Vessel Squadron of Indian Navy. Eight vessels of this class inherit their names from the illustrious 25th Killer missile boat squadron, which attacked and sunk 2 destroyers, a minesweeper and various other support vessels off Karachi during Operation Trident and Operation Python of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
It consists of eight ships: INS Nishant, INS Vibhuti, INS Vipul, INS Vinash, INS Vidyut, INS Nashak, INS Pralaya and INS Prabal.
The Abhay class corvettes of the Indian Navy are customized variants of the Soviet Pauk class corvettes. The class is primarily intended for coastal patrol and anti-submarine warfare.
It consists of three ships namely INS Abhay, INS Ajay and INS Akshay.
Other than the above-classified ships Indian Navy has the following class:
- Landing Platform Dock - Austin Class (INS Jalashwa)
- Landing Ship Tank (L) - Shardul Class (INS Shardul, INS Kesari and INS Airavat) and Magar Class (INS Gharial)
- Offshore Patrol Vessel - Sukanya Class (INS Sukanya, INS Subhadra, INS Suvarna, INS Savitri, INS Sharda and INS Sujata) and Saryu Class (INS Saryu, INS Sunanya, INS Sumedha and INS Sumitra)
- Landing Ship Tank (M) - Kumbhir Class (INS Cheetah, INS Guldar and INS Kumbhir)
- Landing Craft Utility (LCU) - MK-IV Class (INS LCU 51, INS LCU 52, INS LCU 53, INS LCU 54 and INS LCU 55)
- Auxiliary Ships - Fleet Tankers (INS Jyoti, INS Deepak, INS Aditya and INS Shakti), Torpedo Recovery Vessel (INS Astradharini), Ocean Going Tugs (INS Gaj) and Nireekshak (INS Nireekshak)
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